عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Sampling from infected cacti from Shiraz (Fars, Iran) with roots and the basal stems soft rot symptoms, revealed some Fusarium sp. isolates. The isolates identified as Fusarium oxysporum, based on their morphological and physiological characteristics. The causal agent of disease produced orange-colored sporodochia and curved, 3 or 4-septate macroconidia, with the average size of (33.58 ±4.12)×(3.68 ±1.45) μm. Microconidia were aseptate and ellipsoid, on short fialides as false heads. Their average size was (8.57 ±2.35)×(3.21 ±1.14) μm. Isolates produced single or double chlamydospores with the average size of (8.10 ±1.47)×(7.60 ±1.32) μm. Pathogenicity tests showed the isolates are pathogenic on major genus of cactus such as Cereus sp., Opuntia sp., Echinocactus sp., Ferocactus sp. and Notocactus sp., but other tested crops including maize, zucchini, mung bean, kidney bean, egg plant, melon, sunflower, tomato and broad bean did not show any symptoms. According to the host range, morphological and physiological features the isolates identified as F. oxysporum f. sp. opuntiarum (1).