عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
During 2012-2013, a survey for the presence of Apple stem pitting virus (ASPV) in apple (Malus domestica) was conducted in Tehran, Isfahan, West Azerbaijan, Alborz, Ghazvin, Hamedan, Mazandaran, Markazi, and Lorestan provinces. Leaf Samples were taken from 1053 randomly selected apple trees and tested by DAS-ELISA for the presence of ASPV using polyclonal antisera (Bioreba, Switzerland). ASPV was found in 54 apple samples (5.12%). All of the positive samples came from Gala apple trees with mottled and malformed leaves (Fig. 1, see Farsi section). The highest incidence of ASPV was in the province of Alborz (13.8%), followed by Tehran (11.4%), Markazi (7.2%), Hamedan (7.1%), Lorestan (7%), Ghazvin (6.5%), and Mazandaran (4.8%). None of the samples from West Azerbaijan and Isfahan showed positive reaction. To confirm virus identification, total RNA was extracted from 54 leaf samples (Chang et al., 1993) and subjected to RT-PCR using primers specific for a part of the ASPV (GenBank accession No. D21828) coat protein gene. ASPV sense (5’-ATGTCTGGAACCTCATGCTGCAA-3’, position 8869-8895 nt) and ASPV antisense (5’-TTGGGATCAACTTTACTAAAAAGCATAA-3’, position 9211-9238 nt) (Menzel et al., 2002). A 370 bp DNA fragment was amplified from extracts of infected trees but not from those of healthy trees. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of ASPV in apple trees in Iran.