عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
In recent years, non-chemical control of common species of the root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.), including soil enrichments by organic matters, animal manures and chemical fertilizers has received considerable attention. In 2014, in an experiment, effects of two levels (10 and 25 mg/kg) of sulfur fertilizers viz. ammonium sulfate, calcium sulfate, potassium sulfate, magnesium sulfate and zinc sulfate, and the levels of 25 and 50 mg/kg of elemental sulfur on the activity of the root-knot nematode M. incognita, in pasteurized soil were studied in greenhouse. Seedlings of cucumber cv. Negin at three or four-leaf stages were inoculated with two eggs or second stage juveniles of the nematode/g of soil. The results of two trials showed that magnesium sulfate 10 mg/kg caused 179% increase in the yield on average. The highest reduction was recorded in the number of eggs/g of root and reproductive factor in 25 mg/kg level of calcium sulfate with 71.6% and 58.6%, decrease followed by 25 mg/kg sulfur with 69.1% and 57.0% decrease respectively. The treatment of 50 mg/kg of sulfur was also in the next rank.